1“How much of the ocean have we explored?” National Ocean Service. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed July 22 2019.
2Ewing et al., 1946; Hersey (ed.) 1967. Deep-Sea Photography, Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press. Ewing, M.A., Vine, A. C. and Worzel, J. L. (1946). Photography of the Ocean Bottom. Journal of the Optical Society of America, 36, 307.
3Photo credit: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Photo Archives. ©Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
4E.g., Fornari et al., 2012. Formari, D.J., S.Beaulieu, J. Holden, L. Mullineaux, M. Tolstoy, (2012) Introduction to Special Issue – From RIDGE to Ridge2000, Journal of The Oceanography Society , p.12 vol. 25-1, http://dx.doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2012.01
5Photo Credit: Courtesy of D. Fornari, WHOI/NSF/HOV Alvin 2018, ©Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
6Fornari, 2003. Fornari, D.J., (2003) A New Deep-sea Towed Digital Camera and Multi-rock Coring System, Eos, Am. Geophys. Union, 84, 69 & 73.
8 Photo Credit: Courtesy of T. Barreyre and R. Pedersen – K.G. Jebsen Centre for Deep Sea Research, Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen. © K.G. Jebsen Centre for Deep Sea Research, Department of Earth Science, University of Bergen.
9 Photo Credit: Courtesy of P. Gregg, Univ. of Illinois/NSF, D. Fornari, M. Perfit, Univ. of Florida, AT37-05 cruise on R/V Atlantis, NSF/WHOI-NSDF/WHOI-MISO, R/V Atlantis Officers and Crew, HOV Alvin Operations Group. © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
10 Photo Credit: Courtesy of the Five Deeps Expedition. © Atlantic Productions Limited
11 Photo Credit: WHOI-MISO, Dalio Foundation – Dalio Explore Fund, MV Alucia officers and crew, HOV Nadir pilots, Galápagos National Park, Charles Darwin Research Foundation, INOCAR – Oceanographic Institute of the Ecuadorian Navy, © Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.